Make Summer Safe for Kids
June 20th, 2016
by Katrina Brooke
Summer is a great time for kids to enjoy different indoor and outdoor activities. Whether they are young children or teens, learn ways to keep your kids safe and healthy while they enjoy the summer fun.
Water-related activities are popular for getting physical activity(http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/guidelines/children.html) and have many health benefits(http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/swimming/swimmers/health_benefits_water_exercise.html). Here are some tips to stay safe while having fun.
Drownings are the leading cause of injury death for young children ages 1 to 4, and three children die every day as a result of drowning(http://www.cdc.gov/safechild/Drowning).
- Always supervise children when in or around water. A responsible adult should constantly watch young children.
- Teach kids to swim. Formal swimming lessons can protect young children from drowning.
- Learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Your CPR skills could save someone’s life.
- Install a four-sided fence around home pools.
Recreational boating(http://www.cdc.gov/Features/BoatingSafety) can be a wonderful way to spend time with family and friends. Make boating safety a priority.
- Wear a properly fitted life jacket every time you and your loved ones are on the water.
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Heat-related illness happens when the body’s temperature control system is overloaded. Infants and children(http://www.cdc.gov/extremeheat/children.html) up to 4 years of age are at greatest risk. Even young and healthy people can get sick from the heat if they participate in strenuous physical activities during hot weather. For heat-related illness, the best defense is prevention.
- Never leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car, even if the windows are cracked open.
- Dress infants and children in loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
- Schedule outdoor activities carefully, for morning and evening hours.
- Stay cool with cool showers or baths.
- Seek medical care immediate if your child has symptoms of heat-related illness(http://www.cdc.gov/extremeheat/warning.html).
Just a few serious sunburns can increase you and your child’s risk of skin cancer(http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/basic_info/what-is-skin-cancer.htm) later in life. Their skin needs protection from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays whenever they’re outdoors.
- Cover up. Clothing that covers your and your child’s skin helps protect against UV rays.
- Use sunscreen with at least SPF (sun protection factor) 15 and UVA (ultraviolet A) and UVB (ultraviolet B) protection every time you and your child go outside.
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Protect yourself and your family by preventing bites and diseases, like Zika(http://www.cdc.gov/zika/prevention/index.html), West Nile virus(http://www.cdc.gov/westnile) and Lyme disease,(http://www.cdc.gov/lyme) which can be transmitted by insects.
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Each year in the United States, emergency departments treat more than 200,000 children ages 14 and younger for playground-related injuries. Falls(http://www.cdc.gov/safechild/falls/index.html) at home and on the playground are a common cause of injury.
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury(http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/index.html) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can occur in any sport or recreation activity.
Parents can take many actions to protect their children’s health and safety at home.
Young workers(http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/youth) have high job injury rates. Hazards in the workplace, inexperience, and lack of safety training may increase injury risks for young workers.
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- Kids can use electronic media to embarrass, harass, or threaten their peers. Take steps to prevent electronic aggression, a term that captures all types of violence that occur electronically.
- As teens develop emotionally, they are heavily influenced by their relationship experiences, including teen dating. Protect your children from teen dating violence(http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/teen_dating_violence.html). Nearly one in 10 teens reports having been hit or physically hurt on purpose by a boyfriend or girlfriend at least once over a year’s time.